A Personal Photolog: Mikhail Gorbachev from Childhood to Today
Former Soviet political figure Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev was the eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union. From 1985 to 1991, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He was also the head of state of Russia from 1988 to 1991.
Gorbachev is known for his policy of “glasnost” or openness. He introduced it in 1988, giving Soviet people the freedom they’d never known before. It included greater freedom of speech, less controlled press, and the release of thousands of political prisoners and dissidents. Another policy of Gorbachev was referred to as “perestroika, or restructuring, which he initiated in 1986. It aimed to create an effective mechanism to address economic stagnation.
In 1996, Gorbachev was given the Courage of Conscience Award for his significant role in the evolution of “glasnost,” as well as his leadership in the disarmament negotiations with the US under the Reagan administration. Take a look at Gorbachev’s life – his childhood and the years spent in politics.